Self-Assembled Core-Shell-Type Lipid-Polymer Hybrid Nanoparticles: Intracellular Trafficking and Relevance for Oral Absorption


Authors: Q. Li, D. Xia , J. Tao, A. Shen, Y. He, Y. Gan and C. Wang

Journal: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences

DOI: 10.1016/j.xphs.2017.05.029

Publication - Abstract

May 27, 2017

Abstract:

Lipid-polymer hybrid nanoparticles (NPs) are advantageous for drug delivery. However, their intracellular trafficking mechanism and relevance for oral drug absorption are poorly understood. In this study, self-assembled core-shell lipid-polymer hybrid NPs made of poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) and various lipids were developed to study their differing intracellular trafficking in intestinal epithelial cells and their relevance for oral absorption of a model drug saquinavir (SQV). Our results demonstrated that the endocytosis and exocytosis of hybrid NPs could be changed by varying the kind of lipid. A glyceride mixture (hybrid NPs-1) decreased endocytosis but increased exocytosis in Caco-2 cells, whereas the phospholipid (E200) (hybrid NPs-2) decreased endocytosis but exocytosis was unaffected as compared with PLGA nanoparticles. The transport of hybrid NPs-1 in cells involved various pathways, including caveolae/lipid raft-dependent endocytosis, and clathrin-mediated endocytosis and macropinocytosis, which was different from the other groups of NPs that involved only caveolae/lipid raft-dependent endocytosis. Compared with that of the reference formulation (nanoemulsion), the oral absorption of SQV-loaded hybrid NPs in rats was poor, probably due to the limited drug release and transcytosis of NPs across the intestinal epithelium. In conclusion, the intracellular processing of hybrid NPs in intestinal epithelia can be altered by adding lipids to the NP. However, it appears unfavorable to use PLGA–based NPs to improve oral absorption of SQV compared with nanoemulsion. Our findings will be essential in the development of polymer-based NPs for the oral delivery of drugs with the purpose of improving their oral absorption.

Advanced Search

close
  • Publications
  • Application Notes
  • Posters
  • Workshops
  • Videos & Webinars
  • Articles
Search

Browse by Category

  • Application
    • Diagnostic and Imaging
    • Genetic Medicine
    • Hematology
    • Metabolic Disorders
    • Neuroscience
    • Oncology
    • Skeletal Disorders
    • Targeted Drug Delivery
    • Vaccines
    • Other Applications
    • Cell therapy
  • Formulation
    • Liposomes
    • Nucleic Acid Lipid Nanoparticles
    • Polymeric Nanoparticles
    • Other Formulations
  • Payload
    • DNA
    • microRNA
    • mRNA
    • siRNA
    • Small Molecule Drugs
    • Other Payloads


related content

Publication - Abstract

Curcumin exhibits potent anticancer activity via various mechanisms, but its in vivo efficacy has been hampered by poor solubility. Nanotechnology has been employed to deliver curcumin, but most of the reported systems suffered from low drug loading capacity and poor stability. H...
Read More


Publication - Abstract

Lipid Polymer Hybrid Nanomaterials for mRNA Delivery

W. Zhao, C. Zhang, B. Li, X. Zhang, X. Luo, C. Zeng, W. Li, M. Gao and Y. Dong

Introduction: In the past decade, messenger RNA (mRNA) has been extensively explored in a wide variety of biomedical applications. However, efficient delivery of mRNA is still one of the key challenges for its broad applications in the clinic. Recently, lipid polymer hybrid nanop...
Read More


Sign Up and Stay Informed
Sign up today to automatically receive new Cytiva, formerly Precision NanoSystems application notes, conference posters, relevant science publications, and webinar invites.