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Clinical

Manufacturing

Must provide “substantial evidence” of product’s safety and efficacy in humans.
Clinical Studies are Grouped into Three Phases:
The first step is to file an Investigational New Drug (IND) application which is supported by the data from the Pre-Clinical Phase. Studies performed under an IND are often classified into phases as if they are separate and distinct steps in the process. In reality, the phases overlap and trials in one phase are often conducted simultaneously with trials in other phases. Clinical studies are grouped according to their objective into three types or phases:

 

Phase I Clinical Development (Human Pharmacology) – Thirty days after a biopharmaceutical company has filed its IND, it may begin a small-scale Phase I clinical trial unless the FDA places a hold on the study. Phase I studies are used to evaluate pharmacokinetic parameters and tolerance, generally in healthy volunteers.  These studies include initial single-dose studies, dose escalation, and short-term repeated-dose studies.

Phase II Clinical Development (Therapeutic Exploratory) – Phase II clinical studies are small-scale trials to evaluate a drug’s preliminary efficacy and side-effect profile in 100 to 250 patients.  Additional safety and clinical pharmacology studies are also included in this category.

Phase III Clinical Development (Therapeutic Confirmatory) – Phase III studies are large-scale clinical trials for safety and efficacy in large patient populations. While phase III studies are in progress, preparations are made for submitting the Biologics License Application (BLA) or the New Drug Application (NDA).  BLAs are currently reviewed by the FDA’s Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER).  NDAs are reviewed by the Center for Drug Evaluation and Research (CDER).

 

The biological activity of nanoparticles can be influenced by the manufacturing process.


Clinical Manufacturing Solutions

Scalable manufacturing is a significant challenge to making revolutionary nanomedicines available to patients in need. PNI’s Clinical Solutions Team provides a complete clinical manufacturing solution for nanomedicines. Our GMP System technology is modular, customizable and services include analytical services and CMC support. Additionally, our expertise and services include license & supply agreements, site audits, and CMO partnerships. Precision NanoSystems provides complementary technology and over 100 years of combined scientific expertise.


Scale-Up System

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To learn how Precision NanoSystems accelerates nanomedicine development from an idea to clinical applications, contact our Technical Sales Team.

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Resource Center

Publication - Summary

May 18, 2019

Annals of Hematology

Lipid nanoparticle-mediated siRNA delivery for safe targeting of human CML in vivo

N. Jyotsana, A. Sharma, A. Chaturvedi, et al.

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Publication - Summary

May 17, 2019

Science Immunology

A lipid-encapsulated mRNA encoding a potently neutralizing human monoclonal antibody protects against chikungunya infection

N. Kose, J.M. Fox, G. Sapparapu, et al.

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Publication - Summary

April 04, 2019

The Journal of Neuroscience

PTCD1 is required for mitochondrial oxidative-phosphorylation: possible genetic association with Alzheimer's disease

D. Fleck, L. Phu, E. Verschueren, T. Hinkle, M. Reichelt, T. Bhangale, B. Haley, Y. Wang, R. Graham, D.S. Kirkpatrick, M...

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Publication - Summary

February 07, 2019

Nano Research

Chemotherapy drugs derived nanoparticles encapsulating mRNA encoding tumor suppressor proteins to treat triple-negative breast can...

C. Zhang, X. Zhang, W. Zhao, C. Zeng, W. Li, B. Li, X. Luo, J. Li, J. Jiang, B. Deng, D.W. McComb, Y. Dong

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Application Note

January 16, 2019

mRNA Lipid Nanoparticles: Robust low-volume production for screening high-value nanoparticle materials

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Publication - Summary

September 24, 2018

Nucleic Acid Therapeutics

MicroRNAs Enable mRNA Therapeutics to Selectively Program Cancer Cells to Self-Destruct

R. Jain, JP. Frederick, EY. Huang, KE. Burke, DM. Mauger, EA. Andrianova, SJ. Farlow, S. Siddiqui, J. Pimentel, K. Cheun...

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