Antigen Folding Improves Loading Efficiency and Antitumor Efficacy of PC7A Nanoparticle Vaccine


Authors: J. Wilhelm, M. Quiñones-Pérez, J. Wang, X. Wang, V.S. Basava and J. Gao

Journal: Journal of Controlled Release

DOI: 10.1016/j.jconrel.2020.11.056

Publication - Abstract

December 07, 2020

Abstract

 

Cancer vaccines hold great promise to produce antigen-specific T cell immunity for personalized therapy of cancer. Previously, we reported an ultra-pH-sensitive nanoparticle, PC7A, capable of priming an efficacious immune response without significant systemic toxicity. Despite the early success, the relationship between antigen properties and encapsulation efficiency for downstream immune activation remains poorly understood. In this study, we investigated a small library of melanoma antigens and the effects of several formulation methods on the efficiency of peptide loading inside PC7A nanoparticles. Results show loading efficiency is not highly dependent on the formulation methods, but instead mainly driven by the peptide antigen properties. In particular, we identified a phase transition event, namely the folding of antigenic peptides from random coils to α-helical structure, is important for antigen loading inside PC7A nanoparticles. Mutation of a peptide that abrogates the formation of helical structure resulted in poor loading efficiency. Antitumor efficacy studies in melanoma-bearing mice demonstrate the importance of peptide loading in vaccine-induced antitumor immunity. This study highlights the contribution of phase transition of peptide antigens on vaccine formulation in order to make widespread use of personalized nanoparticle vaccines feasible.

Advanced Search

close
  • Publications
  • Application Notes
  • Posters
  • Workshops
  • Videos & Webinars
  • Blog Posts
Search

Browse by Category

  • Application
    • Diagnostic and Imaging
    • Genetic Medicine
    • Hematology
    • Metabolic Disorders
    • Neuroscience
    • Oncology
    • Skeletal Disorders
    • Targeted Drug Delivery
    • Vaccines
    • Other Applications
    • Cell therapy
  • Formulation
    • Liposomes
    • Nucleic Acid Lipid Nanoparticles
    • Polymeric Nanoparticles
    • Other Formulations
  • Payload
    • DNA
    • microRNA
    • mRNA
    • siRNA
    • Small Molecule Drugs
    • Other Payloads


related content

Publication - Abstract

Lymphocytes are the gatekeepers of the body's immune system and are involved in pathogenesis if their surveillance is stalled by inhibitory molecules or when they act as mediators for viral entry. Engineering lymphocytes in order to restore their functions is an unmet need in imm...
Read More


Publication - Abstract

Niosomes are non-ionic surfactant-based vesicles with high promise for drug delivery applications. They can be rapidly prepared via microfluidics, allowing their reproducible production without the need of a subsequent size reduction step, by controlled mixing of two miscible pha...
Read More


Sign Up and Stay Informed
Sign up today to automatically receive new Precision NanoSystems application notes, conference posters, relevant science publications, and webinar invites.