Degradable Redox-responsive Disulfide-based Nanogel Drug Carriers via Dithiol Oxidation Polymerization


Authors: S.A. Elkassih, P. Kos, H. Xiong and D.J. Siegwart

Journal: Biomaterials Science

DOI: 10.1039/C8BM01120F

Publication - Abstract

November 12, 2018

Abstract

Stimuli-responsive nanogels are important drug and gene carriers that mediate the controlled release of therapeutic molecules. Herein, we report the synthesis of fully degradable disulfide cross-linked nanogel drug carriers formed by oxidative radical polymerization of 2,2′-(ethylenedioxy)diethanethiol (EDDET) as a monomer with different cross-linkers, including pentaerythritol tetramercaptoacetate (PETMA). Because the poly(EDDET) backbone repeat structure and cross-linking junctions are composed entirely of disulfide bonds, these nanogels specifically degrade to small molecule dithiols intracellularly in response to the reducing agent glutathione present inside of cells. Cross-linked nanogels were synthesized using controlled microfluidic mixing in the presence of a nonionic Pluronic surfactant PLU-127 to increase the nanogel stability. Adjusting the monomer to cross-linker ratio from 5 : 1 to 100 : 1 (mol/mol) tuned the cross-linking density, resulting in swelling ratios from 1.65 to >3. Increasing the amount of stabilizing Pluronic surfactant resulted in a decrease of nanogel diameter, as expected due to increased surface area of the resulting nanogels. The monomer to cross-linker ratio in the feed had no effect on the formed nanogel diameter, providing a way to control cross-linking density with constant nanogel size but tunable drug release kinetics. Nanogels exhibited an entrapment efficiency of up to 75% for loading of Rhodamine B dye. In vitro studies showed low cytotoxicity, quick uptake, and fast degradation kinetics. Due to the ease of synthesis, rapid gelation times, and tunable functionality, these non-toxic and fully degradable nanogels offer potential for use in a variety of drug delivery applications.

Advanced Search

close
  • Publications
  • Application Notes
  • Posters
  • Workshops
  • Videos & Webinars
  • Blog Posts
Search

Browse by Category

  • Application
    • Diagnostic and Imaging
    • Genetic Medicine
    • Hematology
    • Metabolic Disorders
    • Neuroscience
    • Oncology
    • Skeletal Disorders
    • Targeted Drug Delivery
    • Vaccines
    • Other Applications
  • Formulation
    • Liposomes
    • Nucleic Acid Lipid Nanoparticles
    • Polymeric Nanoparticles
    • Other Formulations
  • Payload
    • DNA
    • microRNA
    • mRNA
    • siRNA
    • Small Molecule Drugs
    • Other Payloads


related content

Publication - Abstract

Lipid based nanoparticles (LNPs) are clinically successful vectors for hepatic delivery of nucleic acids. These systems are being developed for non-hepatic delivery of mRNA for the treatment of diseases like cystic fibrosis or retinal degeneration as well as infectious disease...

Read More


Publication - Abstract

Microsystems offer promising possibilities to produce nanoparticles which can be used as carriers for poorly water-soluble active substances. The aim of the present study was to compare the preparation of lipid nanoparticles by precipitation in different microsystems: A segmented...
Read More


Stay Informed

Sign up today to automatically receive new Precision NanoSystems application notes, conference posters, relevant science publications, and webinar invites.

MENU
菜单
X
X